What is antibiotic resistance?
Antibiotic resistance is when germs (bacteria, fungi) develop the ability to defeat the antibiotics designed to kill them. It can happen when the bacteria decreases or destroys the effectiveness of antibiotics which can cure and prevent infections. As a result, the bacteria are able to survive and multiply in the presence of antibiotics, causing more harm. It does not mean your body is resistant to antibiotics.1,2
Can antibiotics be used to treat infections caused by viruses?
Bacteria and viruses can cause many different types of illnesses in humans. An antibiotic is a medication used specifically to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics work by attacking the structures and functions inside bacterial cells, but have no effect against viruses. Your doctor will not prescribe antibiotics to treat a viral infection or illness not caused by bacteria.
When do antibiotics work?
Antibiotics kill or reduce the growth of bacteria by attaching to specific targets on, or within the bacteria. Viruses are constructed differently from bacteria – a virus must get inside a living cell to grow and replicate.1
Bacterial Vs Viral Infections8
How does antibiotic resistance happen?
Why are bacteria becoming resistant to antibiotics?
Antibiotic resistance is a natural phenomenon caused by changes in the bacteria’s genes. Overuse and misuse of antibiotics can promote the development of antibiotic resistant bacteria.3 Sensitive bacteria are killed by antibiotic medications, but resistant bacteria can flourish and spread making antibiotics less effective.2,5 Using antibiotics when they are not needed or using them incorrectly can enable development of antibiotic resistance.1
Myths or facts on antibiotic use
Here are some common myths and truths regarding the use of antibiotics.2-6
PP-ZVA-IND-0665 | 20/05/2022